#1 What happened to the Sphinx’s nose?
Legends have skipped over many years relating to the easy omission during this photograph of the Sphinx and also the Pyramid of Khafre, a part of the Giza Pyramid (or Great Pyramid) complex in Egypt. Where did the Sphinx’s nose disappear? There’s the story that a missile fired by Napoleon’s troopers hit the nose and caused it to fall off. Sketches of the Sphinx by the Dane Frederic Louis Norden were created in 1737 and revealed in 1755, well before the age of Napoleon. However, these drawings illustrate the Sphinx whithout the nose and like that it contradicts the legend. What actually happened?
The Egyptian historiographer al-Maqrīzī recorded back in the fifteenth century that the nose was destroyed by Muhammad Sa’im al-Dahr. In 1378 CE, Egyptian peasants created offerings to the Great Sphinx within the hope of maintaining the flood cycle, which might lead to a productive harvest. Angry at this show of devotion, Sa’im al-Dahr destroyed the nose and was later killed for hooliganism. Whether or not this might be an absolute truth stays debatable.
#2 Van Gogh and his ear
On 23rd of December 1888 Vincent Vincent van Gogh – following argument with fellow artist and creator Gaugin – went to his place, took a razor to his left ear; cutting it, wrapping it into a paper, and delivering it to a lady at a bordel where he and Gaugin were frequent. He was found unconscious following morning by a police officer and was taken to the hospital.
A letter from Van Gogh’s doctor, Felix Rey, reveals that the painter didn’t take away only a part of his ear, after all, he cut it entirely.
The woman he delivered it to wasn’t a prostitute – as they thought – she was a humble maid and she had been bitten by a dog and worked to pay off her medical bills.
Bernadette Murphy, the investigator that discovered the letter and tracked the family of the unknown woman, has speculated that Vincent van Gogh might offered his own flesh in a very noble plan to help her to get better.
#3 Vikings horned helmets
Forget basicaly every Viking costume you’ve seen until now. Yes, the pugnacious Scandinavians most likely sported headgear once they marched into battle, however there’s no reason to believe it absolutely was festooned with horns. In depictions from the Viking age – between the eighth and eleventh centuries – warriors seem either uncloathed or had helmets probably made from either iron or animal skin. And despite years of looking, archaeologists have nevertheless to uncover a Viking – era helmet embellished with horns. In fact, just one complete helmet that may definitively be referred to as “Viking” has turned up. The 10th-century helmet has a rounded iron cap, a guard round the eyes and nose, and no horns on it.
The popular image of the Vikings with horned helmet dates back to the 1800s after Scandinavian artists like Sweden’s Gustav Malmström enclosed the headgear in their portrayals of the raiders. After Wagner staged his “Der Ring des Nibelungen” opera cycle during the 70s, clothes designer Carl Emil Doepler created helmets with horns for the Viking characters, and a permanent stereotype was born.
Stonehenge is one among the most important mysteries of the globe, and new hypotheses regarding it are quite often. However originally it looked completely different thank it looks today because in 1901, William Gowland initiated it’s restoration. Recent photos prove that current look is totally different than before.
#5 Discovery of America
In our history lessons, they told us that Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. However, nearly five hundred years before the birth of Cristopher Columbus, a band of European sailors left their native land behind in search of a replacement world. Their high-prowed Viking ship sliced through the waters of the Atlantic as winds billowed the boat’s huge single sail. While sailing in unfamiliar waters, the Norsemen noticed a brand new land, throw the anchor and went to explore. 0.5 a millennium before Columbus “discovered” America, those Scandinavian feet were the very first Europeans to ever have touched North American soil.
#6 Ossian’s poems
Scottish author James McPherson was celebrated for translating the poems of Ossian, a Celtic bard of the third century, from Gaelic. However, after facing with demands to gift the manuscripts, McPherson eluded the topic. The manuscripts have still not been found, and therefore the poems themselves are currently considered to be a mystification.